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The Safety and Efficacy of Mesenteric Embolization in the Management of Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

대한대장항문학회지 2013년 29권 5호 p.205 ~ 208
 ( Tan Ker-Kan ) - Australia Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Department of Colorectal Surgery

 ( Strong David Hugh ) - Australia Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Department of Colorectal Surgery
 ( Shore Timothy ) - Australia Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Department of Colorectal Surgery
 ( Ahmad Mohammmad Rafei ) - Australia Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Department of Colorectal Surgery
 ( Waugh Richard ) - Australia Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Department of Radiology
 ( Young Christopher John ) - Australia Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Department of Colorectal Surgery

Abstract


Purpose: Mesenteric embolization is an integral part in the management of acute lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. The aim of this study was to highlight our experience after adopting mesenteric embolization in the management of acute lower GI hemorrhage.

Methods: A retrospective review of all cases of mesenteric embolization for acute lower GI bleeding from October 2007 to August 2012 was performed.

Results: Twenty-seven patients with a median age of 73 years (range, 31 to 86 years) formed the study group. More than half (n = 16, 59.3%) of the patients were on either antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant therapy. The underlying etiology included diverticular disease (n = 9), neoplasms (n = 5) and postprocedural complications (n = 6). The colon was the most common bleeding site and was seen in 21 patients (left, 10; right, 11). The median hemoglobin prior to the embolization was 8.6 g/dL (6.1 to 12.6 g/dL). A 100% technical success rate with immediate cessation of hemorrhage at the end of the session was achieved. There were three clinical failures (11.1%) in our series. Two patients re-bled, and both underwent a successful repeat embolization. The only patient who developed an infarcted bowel following embolization underwent an emergency operation and died one week later. There were no factors that predicted clinical failure.

Conclusion: Mesenteric embolization for acute lower GI bleeding can be safely performed and is associated with a high clinical success rate in most patients. A repeat embolization can be considered in selected cases, but postembolization ischemia is associated with bad outcomes.

키워드

Bleeding; Embolization; Lower; Gastrointestinal
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