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Outcomes and Risk Factors Affecting Mortality in Patients Who Underwent Colorectal Emergency Surgery

대한대장항문학회지 2016년 32권 4호 p.133 ~ 138
 ( Oh Nam-Ho ) - Chosun University College of Medicine Department of Surgery

 ( Kim Kyung-Jong ) - Chosun University School of Medicine Department of Surgery

Abstract


Purpose: Emergency colorectal surgery has a high risk of mortality and morbidity because of incomplete bowel preparation, bacterial proliferation, and contamination. In this study, we investigated the outcomes and the risk factors affecting mortality in patients who had undergone emergency surgery for the treatment of various colorectal diseases.

Methods: This study is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data to survey the clinical results for patients who had undergone emergency colorectal surgery from January 2014 to December 2014. We analyzed various clinicopathologic factors, which were divided into 3 categories: preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative.

Results: A total of 50 patients had undergone emergency colorectal surgery during the time period covered by this study. Among them, 10 patients (20%) died during the postoperative period. A simple linear regression analysis showed that the risk factors for mortality were old age, preoperative hypotension, and a high American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) score. Moreover, a multiple linear regression analysis showed a high ASA score and preoperative hypotension to be independent risk factors.

Conclusion: In this study, emergency colorectal surgery showed a relatively high mortality rate. Furthermore, the independent risk factors for mortality were preoperative hypotension and high ASA score; thus, patients with these characteristics need to be evaluated more carefully and receive better care if the mortality rate is to be reduced.

키워드

Emergencies; Hypotension; Colorectal surgery; Mortality; Risk factors
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