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Major Pelvic Bleeding Following a Stapled Transanal Rectal Resection: Use of Laparoscopy as a Diagnostic Tool

대한대장항문학회지 2016년 32권 5호 p.195 ~ 198
 ( Giovanni Domenico Tebala ) - Noble’s Hospital Colorectal Team Department of Surgery

 ( Abdul Qayyum Khan ) - Noble’s Hospital Colorectal Team Department of Surgery
 ( Sean Keane ) - Noble’s Hospital Colorectal Team Department of Surgery

Abstract


Stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) and stapled hemorrhoidopexy (SH) are well-established techniques for treating rectal prolapse and obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). Occasionally, they can be associated with severe complications. We describe the case of a 59-year-old woman who underwent STARR for ODS and developed a postoperative pelvic hemorrhage. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a vast pelvic, retroperitoneal hematoma and free gas in the abdomen. Laparoscopy ruled out any bowel lesions, but identified a hematoma of the pelvis. Flexible sigmoidoscopy showed a small leakage of the rectal suture. The patient was treated conservatively and recovered completely. Surgeons performing STARR and SH must be aware of the risk of this rare, but severe, complication. If the patient is not progressing after a STARR or SH, a CT scan can be indicated to rule out intra-abdominal and pelvic hemorrhage. Laparoscopy is a diagnostic tool and should be associated with intraluminal exploration with flexible sigmoidoscopy.

키워드

Rectal prolapse; Laparoscopy; Postoperative hemorrhage
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