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신적출술에 대한 임상적 관찰

A Clinical Observation on the Nephrectomized Patients

대한비뇨기과학회지 1982년 23권 4호 p.467 ~ 472
최원용/Choi WR
박영경/Park YK

Abstract


A clinical observation was made on 70 nephrectomized patients during the period from Jan, 1978 to June, 1981.
The results were as follows.

1. The total number of inpatients during the period was 1,122 and nephrectomies were performed in 70 of the 744 total urologic operations (9.4%).

2. The age distribution showed the highest in 5th decade with 25.7% and the youngest case was observed at the age of 3, the oldest at 68 and 43 males and 27 females with male to female ratio 1.6:1.

3. The causative diseases of nephrectomy were tuberculosis (25.7%), renal stone (24.3%), renal injury (14.3%), renal tumor (10.0%) and hydronephrosis (8.0%) etc.

4. Percentage of nephrectomy in each disease were 39.1% in tuberculosis, 22.7% in renal stone, 31.3% in renal injury, 77.9 % in renal tumor and 50.0 % in hydronephrosis.

5. Surgical approaches consisted of frank subcostal approach in 38.6%, anterior abdominal extraperitoneal approach in 35.7 % and abdominal transperitoneal approach in 25.7 %.

6. Among the transfused patients who nephrectomized, the average amount of transfused whole bleed were 1757 ml on renal tumor, 1320 ml in renal injury, 700 ml in renal stone and 533 ml in renal tuberculosis.

7. Postoperative complications were postoperative bleeding in 3 cases, wound infection in 2 cases, paralytic ileus in 2 cases, wound disruption in 1 case, uremia in 1 case and upper G-I bleeding in 1 case.

키워드

신적출술; nephrectomy
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