잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Neural Mechanisms Underlying Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction

대한비뇨기과학회지 2014년 55권 2호 p.81 ~ 90
 ( Yoshimura Naoki ) - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Department of Urology

 ( Ogawa Teruyuki ) - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Department of Urology
 ( Miyazato Minoru ) - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Department of Urology
 ( Kitta Takeya ) - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Department of Urology
 ( Furuta Akira ) - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Department of Urology
 ( Chancellor Michael B ) - Oakland University William Beaumont School Department of Urology
 ( Tyagi Pradeep ) - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Department of Urology

Abstract


This article summarizes anatomical, neurophysiological, and pharmacological studies in humans and animals to provide insights into the neural circuitry and neurotransmitter mechanisms controlling the lower urinary tract and alterations in these mechanisms in lower urinary tract dysfunction. The functions of the lower urinary tract, to store and periodically release urine, are dependent on the activity of smooth and striated muscles in the bladder, urethra, and external urethral sphincter. During urine storage, the outlet is closed and the bladder smooth muscle is quiescent. When bladder volume reaches the micturition threshold, activation of a micturition center in the dorsolateral pons (the pontine micturition center) induces a bladder contraction and a reciprocal relaxation of the urethra, leading to bladder emptying. During voiding, sacral parasympathetic (pelvic) nerves provide an excitatory input (cholinergic and purinergic) to the bladder and inhibitory input (nitrergic) to the urethra. These peripheral systems are integrated by excitatory and inhibitory regulation at the levels of the spinal cord and the brain. Therefore, injury or diseases of the nervous system, as well as disorders of the peripheral organs, can produce lower urinary tract dysfunction, leading to lower urinary tract symptoms, including both storage and voiding symptoms, and pelvic pain. Neuroplasticity underlying pathological changes in lower urinary tract function is discussed.

키워드

Detrusor overactivity; Lower urinary tract; Nerve growth factor; Overactive urinary bladder
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
   
등재저널 정보
KCI
KoreaMed
KAMS