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Predictive factors for flexible ureterorenoscopy requirement after rigid ureterorenoscopy in cases with renal pelvic stones sized 1 to 2 cm

대한비뇨기과학회지 2015년 56권 2호 p.138 ~ 143
 ( Suer Evren ) - University of Ankara Department of Urology

 ( Gulpinar Omer ) - University of Ankara Department of Urology
 ( Gogus Cagatay ) - University of Ankara Department of Urology
 ( Kerimov Seymur ) - University of Ankara Department of Urology
 ( Safak Mut ) - University of Ankara Department of Urology

Abstract


Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of rigid ureterorenoscopy (URS) for renal pelvic stones (RPS) sized 1 to 2 cm and to determine the predictive factors for the requirement for flexible URS (F-URS) when rigid URS fails.

Materials and Methods: A total of 88 patients were included into the study. In 48 patients, the RPS were totally fragmented with rigid URS and F-URS was not required (group 1). In 40 patients, rigid URS was not able to access the renal pelvis or fragmentation of the stones was not completed owing to stone position or displacement and F-URS was utilized for retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) (group 2). The predictive factors for F-URS requirement during RIRS for RPS were evaluated. Both groups were compared regarding age, height, sex, body mass index, stone size, stone opacity, hydronephrosis, and previous treatments.

Results: The mean patient age was 48.6±16.5 years and the mean follow-period was 39±11.5 weeks. The overall stone-free rate in the study population was 85% (75 patients). In groups 1 and 2, the overall stone-free rates were 83% (40 patients) and 87% (35 patients), respectively (p>0.05). The independent predictors of requirement for F-URS during RIRS were male gender, patient height, and higher degree of hydronephrosis.

Conclusions: Rigid URS can be utilized in selected patients for the fragmentation of RPS sized 1 to 2 cm with outcomes similar to that of F-URS. In case of failure of rigid URS, F-URS can be performed successfully in this group of patients.

키워드

Kidney pelvis; Ureteroscopy; Urolithiasis
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