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거대아의 임상적 고찰

Clinical Survey of Fetal Macrosomia

대한산부인과학회지 1994년 37권 6호 p.1186 ~ 1193
김종인
정철재/이무용/이태성/윤성도/이두룡

Abstract


Since the delivery of fetus weighing 4,000gm or more brings dangerous complication to mother and fetus during pregnancy, delivery and after delivery, this is one of the most important problem in obstetrics, We studied 545 cases of large babies
weighing
4,000 gm or more among 13,334 cases of total deliveries during past 3 years from Jan. 1991 to Dec. 1993.
@ES The results were as follows:
@EN 1. The incidence of macrosomia weighing 4,000 gm or more was 3.64%, and that of macrosomia weighing 4,500 gm or more was 0.45%.
2. The highest age distribution of mother was found between 25 to 29 year of age. The mean age was 28.90 year. There was no tendency of the increase in the incidence of macrosomia as the parity increase.
3. Mean weigh gain during pregnancy was 14.78 Kg and mean weight of pregravida was 55.14 Kg.
4. mean gestational age during pregnancy was 40.02 weeks.
5. Male to female ratio was 194.60: 100.
6. The Apgar score of the 1 minute was 7.92, and 5 minute was 8.99.
7. 71.74% of patients had normal vaginal delivery, and 28.26% were delivered by cesarean section.
8. The indications for cesarean sections; the most common indication was large baby (25.32%), previous C-section(22.73%), cephalopelvic disproportion(17.53%) in the order.
9. The most common maternal antepartum complication was anemia(14.68%) and others were pregnancy induced hypertension(2.20%), thyroid disease(0.55%), and gestational diabetes mellitus(0.37%).
10. The most common maternal complication of intrapartum and postpartum period were vaginal laceration(4.40%)and postpartum beeding(3.85%).
11. Neonatal complication in macrosomia were cephalhematoma (1.47%), brachial plexus paralysis(0.55%), and fracture of clavicle(0.14%). Perinatal death was not visible.

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