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Autophagy in the placenta

대한산부인과학회지 2017년 60권 3호 p.241 ~ 259
 ( Oh Soo-Young ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Samsung Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

 ( Roh Cheong-Rae ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Samsung Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Abstract


Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved catalytic process by which cytoplasmic components including damaged macromolecules and organelles are degraded. The role of autophagy includes adaptive responses to nutrition deprivation or intracellular stimuli. Although autophagosomes were first observed in early 1960s, it was 1990s that autophagy-related genes in yeast were identified and studied. Nowadays, the molecular machinery of autophagy and signaling pathway to various stimuli are almost outlined. Dysregulation of autophagic activity has been implicated in many human diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, infection and inflammation, and malignancies. However, since current understanding of autophagy in placenta is just at the beginning, this paper aims to provide general information on autophagy (part I) and to summarize articles on autophagy in human placenta (part II). This review article will serve as a basis for further researches on autophagy in relation to human pregnancy and its complications.

키워드

Autophagy; Placenta; Trophoblasts
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