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Antireflux surgery is equally beneficial in nonerosive and erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease

Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research 2018년 95권 2호 p.94 ~ 99
KMID : 0371420180950020094
 ( Park Joong-Min ) - Chung-Ang University College of Medicine Department of Surgery

 ( Chi Kyong-Choun ) - Chung-Ang University College of Medicine Department of Surgery

Abstract

Purpose: Although nonerosive and erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have similar symptom severity, nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) is considered a milder type of GERD and gastroenterologists have hesitated to refer these patients for antireflux surgery. The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcomes of antireflux surgery between patients with NERD and erosive reflux disease (ERD).

Methods: Seventy patients met the inclusion criteria of this study among a total of 117 patients who underwent antireflux surgery from November 2012 to October 2017. According to preoperative endoscopy, patients were classified into NERD group (minimal changes or no esophagitis) and ERD group. Clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes were compared between NERD and ERD.

Results: There were 26 patients in NERD group and 44 patients in ERD group. The male:female ratio was higher in the ERD group than in the NERD group (P = 0.044). Preoperative symptoms, response to acid suppressive medication, acid exposure on pH monitoring study, and esophageal manometry results were similar in the 2 groups. Reflux on barium esophagography was more frequently observed in ERD (77.3%) than in NERD (50.0%, P = 0.019). At 6 months after surgery, complete resolution and partial improvement of GERD symptoms were similar in the 2 groups (80.8% and 15.4%, respectively, in NERD vs. 88.6% and 2.3%, respectively, in ERD; P = 0.363).

Conclusion: Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is equally beneficial to patients with NERD and ERD. Antireflux surgery should not be avoided for GERD patients without mucosal breaks on endoscopy as the evidence of erosive esophagitis.
KeyWords

Gastroesophageal reflux, Nonerosive reflux disease, Fundoplication, Antireflux surgery
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