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Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Stray and Household Cats in Regions of Seoul, Korea

Korean Journal of Parasitology 2010년 48권 3호 p.267 ~ 270
이상은 ( Lee Sang-Eun ) - 질병관리본부 국립보건연구원

김윤아 ( Kim Yun-Ah ) - 질병관리본부 국립보건연구원
조신형 ( Cho Shin-Hyeong ) - 질병관리본부 국립보건연구원
안혜진 ( Ahn Hye-Jin ) - 가톨릭대학교 의과대학 기생충학교실
우흥명 ( Woo Heung-Myong ) - 강원대학교 수의과대학
이원자 ( Lee Won-Ja ) - 질병관리본부
남호우 ( Nam Ho-Woo ) - 가톨릭대학교 의과대학 기생충학교실

Abstract


The principal objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in household and stray cats in Seoul, Republic of Korea. We collected blood samples from 72 stray and 80 household cats, and all samples were examined by ELISA and nested PCR. The overall positive rates of Toxoplasma gondii in stray cats were 38.9% (28/72), with 15.3% (11/72) in ELISA and 30.6% (22/72) in PCR. The positive rate in male stray cats was slightly higher than that of female stray cats. The highest positive rate of T. gondii infection was noted in Gangnam and Songpa populations in ELISA and in Gwangjin population in PCR. In household cats, however, we could not detect any specific antibodies or DNA for T. gondii. In conclusion, we recognized that the infection rate of toxoplasmosis in stray cats in Seoul was considerably high but household cats were free from infection.

키워드

Toxoplasma gondii; cat; ELISA; PCR
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