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한국형 노인자살위험 사정도구 개발

Development of a Korean Geriatric Suicidal Risk Scale (KGSRS)

Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 2016년 46권 1호 p.59 ~ 68
이상주 ( Lee Sang-Ju ) - 동의과학대학교 간호학과

김정순 ( Kim Jung-Soon ) - 부산대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: Increase in suicide rate for senior citizens which has become widespread in our society today. It is not a normal social phenomenonand is beyond the danger level. The contents of this study include Korean senior citizens' suicide related risk factors andwarning signs, and the development of a simple Geriatric Suicide Risk Scale. hods: This study is
Methodological Research to verifyreliability and validity of the Geriatric Suicide Risk Scale according to the tool development process suggested by Devellis (2012).

Results: For predictive validity assessment, high suicide screening accuracy was showed with an Area under the ROC curve (AUC) of.93. For the optimal cutoff point of 11, sensitivity was 93.9%, and specificity, 75.7% which are excellence levels. Cross validity forassessment of generalization possibility showed the Area under the ROC curve (AUC) as .82 and in case of a cutoff point of 11, sensitivitywas 73.7%, and specificity, 65.9%.

Conclusion: When it comes to practical nursing, it is significant that the Korean GeriatricSuicide Risk Scale has high reliability and validity through adequate tool development and the tool assessment step to select degreeof suicide risk of senior citizens. Also, it can be easily applied and does not take a long time to administer. Further, it can be used byhealth care personnel or the general public.

키워드

자살; 노인; 도구
Suicide; Aged; Instruments
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SCI(E)
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KCI
KoreaMed