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Biomechanical Properties of the Cranial Dura Mater with Puncture Defects : An In Vitro Study

Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2019년 62권 4호 p.382 ~ 388
 ( Aydin Hasan Emre ) - Kutahya Health Science University Department of Neurosurgery

 ( Kizmazoglu Ceren ) - Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine Department of Neurosurgery
 ( Kaya Ismail ) - Kutahya Health Science University Department of Neurosurgery
 ( Husemoglu Bugra ) - Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine Health Science Institute Department of Biomechanics
 ( Sozer Gulden ) - Forensic Medicine Institution Department of Pathology
 ( Havitcioglu Hasan ) - Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine Health Science Institute Department of Biomechanics
 ( Arslantas Ali ) - Eskisehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine Department of Neurosurgery

Abstract


Objective: The primary aim of this investigation was to explore the nature of dura mater biomechanics following the introduction of puncture defect(s).

Methods: Twenty-eight dura mater specimens were collected during autopsy from the department of forensic medicine of the authors' institution. Specimens were divided randomly into one of four groups : group I (cranial dura mater; n=7), group II (cranial dura mater with one puncture defect; n=7); group III (cranial dura mater with two puncture defects; n=7), and group IV (cranial dura mater with three puncture defects; n=7).

Results: The mean±standard deviation tensile strengths of the dura mater were 8.35±3.16, 8.22±3.32, 7.13±1.77, and 6.94±1.93 MPa for groups I, II, III, and IV, respectively. There was no statistical difference between all groups. A single, two or more punctures of the dura mater using a 20-gauge Quincke needle did not affect cranial dura tensile strength.

Conclusion: This biomechanical study may contribute to the future development of artificial dura mater substitutes and medical needles that have a lower negative impact on the biomechanical properties of dura mater.

키워드

Biomechanical phenomena; Dura mater; Tensile strength; Punctures; Needles
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