잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Evaluation of Dimensions of Kambin’s Triangle to Calculate Maximum Permissible Cannula Diameter for Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy : A 3-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Based Study

Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2019년 62권 4호 p.414 ~ 421
 ( Pairaiturkar Pradyumna Purushottam ) - Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital Department of Spine

 ( Sudame Onkar Shekhar ) - Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital Department of Spine
 ( Pophale Chetan Shashikant ) - Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital Department of Spine

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of Kambin’s safe zone to calculate maximum cannula diameter permissible for safe percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy.

Methods: Fifty 3D MRIs of 19 males and 31 females (mean, 47 years) were analysed. Oblique, axial and sagittal views were used for image analysis. Three authors calculated the inscribed circle (cannula diameter) individually, within the neural (original) and bony Kambin’s triangle in oblique views, disc heights on sagittal views and root to facet distances at upper and lower end plate levels on axial views and their averages were taken.

Results: The mean root to facet distances at upper end plate level measured on axial sections increased from 3.42±3.01 mm at L12 level to 4.57±2.49 mm at L5S1 level. The mean root to facet distances at lower end plate level measured on axial sections also increased from 6.07±1.13 mm at L12 level to 12.9±2.83 mm at L5S1 level. Mean maximum cannula diameter permissible through the neural Kambin’s triangle increased from 5.67±1.38 mm at L12 level to 9.7±3.82 mm at L5S1 level. The mean maximum cannula diameter permissible through the bony Kambin’s triangle also increased from 4.03±1.08 mm at L12 level to 6.11±1 mm at L5S1 level. Only 2% of the 427 bony Kambin’s triangles could accommodate a cannula diameter of 8mm. The base of the bony Kambin’s triangle taken in oblique view (3D MRI) was significantly higher than the root to facet distance at lower end plate level taken in axial view.

Conclusion: The largest mean diameter of endoscopic cannula passable through “bony” Kambin’s triangle was distinctively smaller than the largest mean diameter of endoscopic cannula passable through “neural” Kambin’s triangle at all levels. Although proximity of exiting root to the facet joint is always taken into consideration before PELD procedure, our 3D MRI based anatomical study is the first to provide actual maximum cannula dimensions permissible in this region.

키워드

MRI scan; Regional anatomy; Intervertebral disk; Lumbosacral regions; Endoscopic surgical procedure
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
  
등재저널 정보