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Quantitative Feasibility Evaluation of 11C-Methionine Positron Emission Tomography Images in Gamma Knife Radiosurgery : Phantom-Based Study and Clinical Application

Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2019년 62권 4호 p.476 ~ 486
 ( Lim Sa-Hoe ) - Chonnam National University Medical School Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital Department of Neurosurgery

 ( Jung Tae-Young ) - Chonnam National University Medical School Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital Department of Neurosurgery
 ( Jung Shin ) - Chonnam National University Medical School Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital Department of Neurosurgery
 ( Kim In-Young ) - Chonnam National University Medical School Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital Department of Neurosurgery
 ( Moon Kyung-Sub ) - Chonnam National University Medical School Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital Department of Neurosurgery
 ( Kwon Seong-Young ) - Chonnam National University Medical School Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital Department of Nuclear Medicine
 ( Jang Woo-Youl ) - Chonnam National University Medical School Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital Department of Neurosurgery

Abstract


Objective: The functional information of 11C-methionine positron emission tomography (MET-PET) images can be applied for Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) and its image quality may affect defining the tumor. This study conducted the phantom-based evaluation for geometric accuracy and functional characteristic of diagnostic MET-PET image co-registered with stereotactic image in Leksell GammaPlan® (LGP) and also investigated clinical application of these images in metastatic brain tumors.

Methods: Two types of cylindrical acrylic phantoms fabricated in-house were used for this study : the phantom with an array-shaped axial rod insert and the phantom with different sized tube indicators. The phantoms were mounted on the stereotactic frame and scanned using computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and PET system. Three-dimensional coordinate values on co-registered MET-PET images were compared with those on stereotactic CT image in LGP. MET uptake values of different sized indicators inside phantom were evaluated. We also evaluated the CT and MRI co-registered stereotactic MET-PET images with MR-enhancing volume and PET-metabolic tumor volume (MTV) in 14 metastatic brain tumors.

Results: Imaging distortion of MET-PET was maintained stable at less than approximately 3% on mean value. There was no statistical difference in the geometric accuracy according to co-registered reference stereotactic images. In functional characteristic study for MET-PET image, the indicator on the lateral side of the phantom exhibited higher uptake than that on the medial side. This effect decreased as the size of the object increased. In 14 metastatic tumors, the median matching percentage between MR-enhancing volume and PET-MTV was 36.8% on PET/MR fusion images and 39.9% on PET/CT fusion images.

Conclusion: The geometric accuracy of the diagnostic MET-PET co-registered with stereotactic MR in LGP is acceptable on phantom-based study. However, the MET-PET images could the limitations in providing exact stereotactic information in clinical study.

키워드

Radiosurgery; Positron-emission tomography; Multimodal imaging; Phantoms, Imaging; Brain neoplasms
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