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Pneumonia in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2018년 81권 3호 p.187 ~ 197
 ( Restrepo Marcos I. ) - South Texas Veterans Health Care System

 ( Sibila Oriol ) - Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau Servei de Pneumologia
 ( Anzueto Antonio ) - South Texas Veterans Health Care System

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a frequent comorbid condition associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Pneumonia is the most common infectious disease condition. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the impact of pneumonia in patients with COPD. We will evaluate the epidemiology and factors associated with pneumonia. We are discussing the clinical characteristics of COPD that may favor the development of infections conditions such as pneumonia. Over the last 10 years, there is an increased evidence that COPD patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids are at increased risk to develp pneumonia. We will review the avaialbe information as well as the possible mechanism for this events. We also discuss the impact of influenza and pneumococcal vaccination in the prevention of pneumonia in COPD patients.

키워드

Pneumonia; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive; Vaccines; Adrenal Cortex Hormones
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