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Preoperative Tattooing Using Indocyanine Green in Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery

Annals of Coloproctology 2018년 34권 4호 p.206 ~ 211
이상재 ( Lee Sang-Jae ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer

손대경 ( Sohn Dae-Kyung ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
한경수 ( Han Kyung-Su ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
김병창 ( Kim Byung-Chang ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
홍창원 ( Hong Chang-Won ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
박성찬 ( Park Sung-Chan ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
김민중 ( Kim Min-Jung ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
박병관 ( Park Byung-Kwan ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Surgery
오재환 ( Oh Jae-Hwan ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer

Abstract


Purpose: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of indocyanine green (ICG) as a preoperative marking dye for laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

Methods: Between March 2013 and March 2015, 174 patients underwent preoperative colonoscopic tattooing using 1.0 to 1.5 mL of ICG and saline solution before laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Patients’ medical records and operation videos were retrospectively assessed to evaluate the visibility, duration, and adverse effects of tattooing.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 65 years (range, 34?82 years), and 63.2% of the patients were male. The median interval between tattooing and operation was 1.0 day (range, 0?14 days). Tattoos placed within 2 days of surgery were visualized intraoperatively more frequently than those placed at an earlier date (95% vs. 40%, respectively, P < 0.001). For tattoos placed within 2 days before surgery, the visualization rates by tattoo site were 98.6% (134 of 136) from the ascending colon to the sigmoid colon. The visualization rates at the rectosigmoid colon and rectum were 84% (21 of 25) and 81.3% (13 of 16), respectively (P < 0.001). No complications related to preoperative ICG tattooing occurred.

Conclusion: Endoscopic ICG tattooing is more useful for the preoperative localization of colonic lesions than it is for rectal lesions and should be performed within 2 days before laparoscopic surgery.

키워드

Colonoscopic tattooing; Indocyanine green; Laparoscopic surgery; Localization
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