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Association between the incidence and mortality rates for corpus uteri cancer and human development index (HDI): a global ecological study

Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 2020년 63권 2호 p.141 ~ 149
 ( Khazaei Zaher ) - Ilam University of Medical Sciences School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology

 ( Goodarzi Elham ) - Lorestan University of Medical Sciences School of Public Health Department of Public Health
 ( Sohrabivafa Malihe ) - Dezful University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine Department of Public Health
 ( Naemi Hasan ) - Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences Iranian Research Center on Healthy Aging
 ( Mansori Kamyar ) - Zanjan University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology

Abstract


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between the incidence of and mortality due to corpus uteri cancer (CUC) and the human development index (HDI) across the world.

Methods: This was an ecological study. The incidence and mortality rates of CUC along with HDI data were extracted from the Global Cancer Data in 2018. Subsequently, correlation coefficient and linear regression model were used to determine the association between the incidence and mortality rates of CUC and the HDI. STATA-14 was used for data analysis.

Results: There was a positive and significant correlation between the incidence (r=0.693; P<0.001) and mortality (r=0.284; P<0.001) rates of uterine cancer and the HDI. A positive and significant correlation was also observed between the incidence rate and the gross national income per 1,000 capita (r=0.440; P<0.001), mean years of schooling (MYS) (r=0.740; P<0.001), life expectancy at birth (LEB) (r=0.590; P<0.001), and expected years of schooling (r=0.650; P<0.001). The results of the linear regression model showed a significant statistical association between MYS and the incidence of CUC (β=1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.60?1.70) and LEB and mortality due to uteri cancer (β=0.40; 95% CI, 0.10?0.90).

Conclusion: The results of this study suggest a significant statistical association between the incidence and mortality rates of CUC and the HDI.

키워드

Incidence; Mortality; Uterine neoplasms; Human development index; World
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