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A multicenter cross-sectional study on the prevalence of overactive bladder and its impacts on the quality of life in gynecologic outpatients

Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 2020년 63권 2호 p.181 ~ 186
김도영 ( Kim Do-Young ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

 ( Jang Da-Hae ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
 ( Kim Hyun-Jin ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
이사라 ( Lee Sa-Ra ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
전명재 ( Jeon Myung-Jae ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Seoul National University Hospital Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
신중호 ( Shin Jung-Ho ) - Korea University College of Medicine Korea University Guro Hospital Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
채희동 ( Chae Hee-Dong ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Abstract


Objective: The present study assessed the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in gynecologic outpatients and the effects of OAB on a patient's quality of life.

Methods: The survey was completed by adult female patients who visited the gynecology clinic for examination or treatment of gynecologic conditions. The subjects who met the exclusion criteria were excluded. The survey included a questionnaire assessing general characteristics, the purpose of the visit, diagnosis, and the presence or absence of OAB. The subjects were asked whether they were under medical treatment for OAB symptoms, and the degree of discomfort in daily activities was evaluated.

Results: In total, 1,990 female subjects visiting the gynecology clinics of 4 different institutions were recruited. On OAB Symptom Score, 188 subjects responded with scores of ≥2 for question #3 (≥1 time(s) weekly). The severity of OAB symptoms was as follows: 345 subjects had mild OAB, 127 subjects had moderate OAB, and 12 subjects had severe OAB. The prevalence of OAB symptoms was 10.30%.

Conclusion: The present study confirmed that OAB symptoms are common, with a prevalence of 10.30%. Patients with OAB symptoms frequently neglect to seek medical intervention. Our findings will help inform patients to recognize their condition and seek medical assistance, especially in gynecologic outpatient clinics.

키워드

Overactive bladder; Prevalence; Quality of life
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