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대구·경북지역 성인의 건강관리를 위한 식생활 안전관리 인식과 역량

Dietary Safety Management Awareness and Competency for Healthcare among Adults in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Areas

대한지역사회영양학회지 2020년 25권 2호 p.112 ~ 125
김윤화 ( Kim Yun-Hwa ) - Daegu University Education Research Institute

Abstract


Objectives: Diet and incidence of chronic diseases are highly related. This study examined the characteristics of dietary safety awareness and competency for chronic disease prevention among adults.

Methods: Data were collected from 247 adults in Daegu and Gyeongbuk areas using a self-administered questionnaire in May and June of 2018. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, χ2-test, factor analysis, reliability analysis, t-test, one-way analysis of variances, and correlation.

Results: The results of the factor analysis indicate that dietary safety awareness of health management was classified into chronic disease anxiety and obsession. Awareness of dietary safety management was sub-grouped into difficulty in acquiring knowledge, lack of awareness of over and malnutrition, food safety anxiety, importance of weight management, education requirement for cancer prevention, and knowledge. Dietary safety behavior composed of a balanced diet, unhealthy diet, and healthfunctional pursuit. Dietary safety management competency was comprised of health management, food management, and cooking. The competency scores of dietary safety management factors were significantly different according to sex, age, and education level (P < 0.05). Balanced diet factor was significantly correlated with knowledge, health-functional pursuit, health management, food management, and cooking capacity factors (P < 0.01).

Conclusions: Active education for dietary safety management competency according to age, gender, and education level should provide dietary safety education to reduce anxiety and obsession regarding chronic diseases and sustainable health management.

키워드

adult, dietary safety; chronic disease; awareness; competency
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