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다요소 금연 프로그램이 성인골절 환자의 금연 및 골유합에 미치는 효과 분석

The Effect of a Multi-component Smoking Cessation Program on Bone Union in Adult Patients with Fracture

근관절건강학회지 2020년 27권 1호 p.31 ~ 40
김인숙 ( Kim In-Sook ) - Gachon University Graduate School of Nursing

이한주 ( Lee Han-Ju ) - Sangmyung University Department of Nursing
이선희 ( Lee Seon-Heui ) - Gachon University College of Nursing Department of Nursing Science

Abstract


Purpose: This study was done to examine the effect of a multi-component cessation program on bone union by comparing the union time between the experimental group and the control group.

Methods: A non-equivalent control group posttest design was used. The subjects were 33 patients in the experimental group and 33 patients in the control group, 66 patients in total. The subjects of the experimental group were provided with a face-to-face multi-component smoking cessation program. After the discharge, telephone consultation was provided once a week for 10 weeks.

Results: Bone union time was 51.6±10.9 days in the experimental group and 60.9±13.83 days in the control group (p=.003). Among 33 subjects who participated in the smoking cessation program, the average union period of the participants who succeeded in quitting smoking was 44.56 days, the participants who reduced smoking were 50.67 days, and failed to quit smoking group was 60.11 days (p=.006).

Conclusion: This study indicated the importance of smoking cessation in patients with fracture and the decrease in the union time by providing smoking cessation education. If the multi-component smoking cessation program is used as a nursing intervention in clinical practice, it will be effective for bone union by increasing the smoking cessation rate of patients with fracture.

키워드

골절; 금연 프로그램; 골유합 기간
Fracture; Smoking Cessation; Bone Union
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