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신규간호사의 이직의도에 미치는 영향요인

Predictive Factors of Turnover Intention in New Nurses

근관절건강학회지 2020년 27권 1호 p.50 ~ 60
이정화 ( Lee Jeong-Hwa ) - Konyang University College of Nursing

노혜란 ( Noh Hye-Ran ) - Konyang University College of Nursing
박주영 ( Park Ju-Young ) - Konyang University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effects of preceptor’s leadership, preceptor-preceptee exchange relationship, and preceptee’s self-leadership on newly hired nurses’ turnover intention.

Methods: Participants were 175 nurses working at general hospitals in D city. Data were collected from 164 nurses in May 2019 and were analyzed using multiple linear regression with SPSS/WIN 24.0 program.

Results: Newly hired nurses’ turnover intention was negatively correlated with preceptor’s transactional leadership (r=-.23, p=.003), preceptor’s emotional leadership (r=-.28, p<.001), preceptor-preceptee exchange relationship(r=-.34, p<.001), and preceptee’s self-leadership (r=-.23, p=.004). The work unit (β=.35, p<.001), preceptor-preceptee exchange relationship (β=-.28, p=.002), present work experience (β=.27, p=.043), and marital status (β=-.19, p=.009) were significant predictors of the turnover intention (R2=.26, p<.001).

Conclusion: Therefore, in order to reduce the degree of turnover of new nurses, improving the exchange relationship of preceptor-preceptee is required, and balancing between work and life should be considered especially for the married new nurses.

키워드

간호사; 이직; 의도; 리더십
Nurses; Personnel turnover; Intention; Leadership
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