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Factors Associated with Triage Modifications Using Vital Signs in Pediatric Triage: a Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study in Korea

Journal of Korean Medical Science 2020년 35권 16호 p.102 ~ 102
 ( Lee Bong-Jin ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Emergency Medicine

장익완 ( Chang Ik-Wan ) - Kangwon National University School of Medicine Department of Emergency Medicine
김도균 ( Kim Do-Kyun ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Emergency Medicine
박준동 ( Park June-Dong ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Pediatrics

Abstract


Background: Previous studies on inter-rater reliability of pediatric triage systems have compared triage levels classified by two or more triage providers using the same information about individual patients. This overlooks the fact that the evaluator can decide whether or not to use the information provided. The authors therefore aimed to analyze the differences in the use of vital signs for triage modification in pediatric triage.

Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study of national registry data collected in real time from all emergency medical services beyond the local emergency medical centers (EMCs) throughout Korea. Data from patients under the age of 15 who visited EMC nationwide from January 2016 to December 2016 were analyzed. Depending on whether triage modifications were made using respiratory rate or heart rate beyond the normal range by age during the pediatric triage process, they were divided into down-triage and non-down-triage groups. The proportions in the down-triage group were analyzed according to the triage provider's profession, mental status, arrival mode, presence of trauma, and the EMC class.

Results: During the study period, 1,385,579 patients' data were analyzed. Of these, 981,281 patients were eligible for triage modification. The differences in down-triage proportions according to the profession of the triage provider (resident, 50.5%; paramedics, 47.7%; specialist, 44.9%; nurses, 44.2%) was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The triage provider's professional down-triage proportion according to the medical condition of the patients showed statistically significant differences except for the unresponsive mental state (P = 0.502) and the case of air transport (P = 0.468).

Conclusion: Down-triage proportion due to abnormal heart rates and respiratory rates was significantly different according to the triage provider's condition. The existing concept of inter-rater reliability of the pediatric triage system needs to be reconsidered.

키워드

Child; Hospital Emergency Services; Triage; Observer Variation; Professions; Pediatric Emergency Medicine; Vital Signs
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