잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Effects of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Improvement of Mental Health and Clinical Parameters in Depressed Hemodialysis Patients: a Pilot Study

Journal of Korean Medical Science 2020년 35권 26호 p.205 ~ 205
황진호 ( Hwang Jin-Ho ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Internal Medicine

 ( Hwang Hyun-Chan ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
김혜리 ( Kim Hye-Ri ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
홍지선 ( Hong Ji-Sun ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
한덕현 ( Han Doug-Hyun ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
신중호 ( Shin Jung-Ho ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Internal Medicine
김수현 ( Kim Su-Hyun ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Internal Medicine
김선미 ( Kim Sun-Mi ) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Psychiatry

Abstract


Background: This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a nonpharmacologic treatment in depressed hemodialysis patients.

Methods: Patients who scored ≥ 5 on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were randomized to either the rTMS (n = 7) or sham group (n = 7). The rTMS group was stimulated with a 110% motor threshold and 10 Hz on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for 20 minutes, three times a week, for 4 weeks. In the sham group, the “1-wing 90-degree method” was used. We analyzed clinical indices before and after the intervention, as well as data from quantitative electroencephalography (frontal alpha asymmetry [FAA]), and various psychiatric questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory [BAI], Symptom Checklist-90-Revised Somatization Subscale [SCL-90R-SOM]), and Perceived Stress Scale.

Results: One month after rTMS, the changes in hemoglobin A1c levels in the rTMS group were significantly greater than those in the sham group (F = 6.687, P = 0.032). The changes in BAI scores in the rTMS group were significantly greater than those in the sham group (F = 6.700, P = 0.025), and the changes in SCL-90R-SOM scores in the rTMS group were greater than those in the sham group (F = 4.943, P = 0.048). In addition, the changes in the FAA value at the F7 and F8 electrodes in the rTMS group were greater than those in the sham group (F = 6.468, P = 0.027).

Conclusion: In depressed hemodialysis patients, rTMS may improve anxiety and somatization symptoms, which may lead to improvements in clinical measures.

키워드

Depression; Kidney; Hemodialysis; Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; Quantitative Electroencephalogram
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
  
등재저널 정보