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Profiles and Clinical Characteristics of Newly Diagnosed Glaucoma in Urban Korea: A Multicenter Study

Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 2020년 34권 5호 p.353 ~ 360
홍철, 홍승우, 박찬기, 성경림, 김창식,
소속 상세정보
홍철 ( Hong Chul ) - Dr. Hong’s Eye Clinic Glaucoma Service
홍승우 ( Hong Seung-Woo ) - Bucheon St. Mary’s Hospital Department of Ophthalmology
박찬기 ( Park Chan-Kee ) - Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital Department of Ophthalmology
성경림 ( Sung Kyung-Rim ) - Asan Medical Center Department of Ophthalmology
김창식 ( Kim Chang-Sik ) - Chungnam National University Hospital Department of Ophthalmology

Abstract


Purpose: To explore the clinical characteristics and profiles of newly diagnosed glaucoma subtypes in urban Korea.

Methods: All newly diagnosed glaucoma patients enrolled in the participating ophthalmology outpatient clinics were included. A review of medical history including family history of glaucoma was conducted. The patients underwent complete ophthalmologic examinations including visual field test. The diagnosis of glaucoma was based on the International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology criteria developed by glaucoma specialists.

Results: A total of 198,671 patients visited the participating ophthalmology outpatient clinics during the study period (from January 1, 2001 to June 30, 2016), of which 5,530 (2.8%) were diagnosed with glaucoma. The mean age of the newly diagnosed glaucoma patients was 52.0 ± 17.3 years (range, 6 to 89) and 2,830 patients were male (51.2%). The mean untreated intraocular pressure and vertical cup-to-disc ratio of the optic nerve head of newly diagnosed glaucoma eyes were 22.1 ± 10.6 mmHg and 0.66 ± 0.22, respectively. The most frequently observed subtypes of glaucoma were: normal tension glaucoma (33.0%) primary open-angle glaucoma (28.4%), ocular hypertension (11.1%), chronic angle-closure glaucoma (6.8%), neovascular glaucoma (5.2%), glaucoma associated with inflammation (3.8%), acute angle-closure glaucoma (3.3%), and glaucoma associated with aphakia or pseudophakia (2.2%).

Conclusions: Normal tension glaucoma was the most frequently observed glaucoma subtype in urban ophthalmology outpatient clinics in Korea.

키워드

Epidemiology; Glaucoma; Low tension glaucoma; Open-angle glaucoma

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