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Ginsenosides: potential therapeutic source for fibrosis-associated human diseases

Journal of Ginseng Research 2020년 44권 3호 p.386 ~ 398
 ( Li Xiaobing ) - Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine College of Basic Medicine

 ( Mo Nan ) - Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine College of Basic Medicine
 ( Li Zhenzhen ) - Zhengzhou University First Affiliated Hospital Medical Research Center

Abstract


Tissue fibrosis is an eventual pathologic change of numerous chronic illnesses, which is characterized by resident fibroblasts differentiation into myofibroblasts during inflammation, coupled with excessive extracellular matrix deposition in tissues, ultimately leading to failure of normal organ function. Now, there are many mechanistic insights into the pathogenesis of tissue fibrosis, which facilitate the discovery of effective antifibrotic drugs. Moreover, many chronic diseases remain a significant clinical unmet need. For the past five years, many research works have undoubtedly addressed the functional dependency of ginsenosides in different types of fibrosis and the successful remission in various animal models treated with ginsenosides. Caveolin-1, interleukin, thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), liver X receptors (LXRs), Nrf2, microRNA-27b, PPARδ-STAT3, liver kinase B1 (LKB1)-AMPK, and TGF-β1/Smads are potential therapy targeting using ginsenosides. Ginsenosides can play a targeting role and suppress chronic inflammatory response, collagen deposition, and epithelial?mesenchymal transition (EMT), as well as myofibroblast activation to attenuate fibrosis. In this report, our aim was to focus on the therapeutic prospects of ginsenosides in fibrosis-related human diseases making use of results acquired from various animal models. These findings should provide important therapeutic clues and strategies for the exploration of new drugs for fibrosis treatment.

키워드

Chinese herb medicines; Fibrosis; Ginseng; Ginsenosides; Therapeutics
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