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청소년의 건강관련행동과 구강건강행태가 구강질환증상에 미치는 영향

Effects of health-related behaviors and oral health behaviors on oral disease symptoms in adolescents

대한구강보건학회지 2020년 44권 2호 p.78 ~ 84
김윤주 ( Kim Yun-Ju ) - Dong-Eui University Graduate School Department of Biomedical Health Science

이정화 ( Lee Jung-Hwa ) - Dong-Eui University Department of Dental Hygiene

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for the improvement of health-related behaviors, oral health behaviors and develop an oral health promotion program for adolescents. Therefore, this study investigated health-related behaviors of adolescents and their oral disease symptoms.

Methods: Data of 62,276 adolescents were derived from the 13th Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were performed using complex sampling to determine the effects of health-related behaviors and oral health behaviors on the experience of oral disease symptoms among the adolescents.

Results: In total, 52.9% had developed oral symptoms in the previous year. The sample population consisted of 55.1% females, 53.4% third grade high school students, and 51.1% academic achievers. Among the adolescents, 57.6% of those categorized as having low economic status showed high oral disease experience (P<0.001). The increased intake of sweet drinks and snacks due to a higher subjective depression and perception of stress, increased the experience of oral symptoms (P<0.05). Fewer times of toothbrushing per day was correlated to an increase in oral disease symptoms (P<0.001).

Conclusions: As health-related behaviors and oral health behaviors formed during adolescence affect adulthood, a systematic oral health education program should be developed and implemented for proper health-related behaviors and oral health management in adolescents.

키워드

Adolescent; Health related behavior; Oral health behavior; Oral disease symptoms experience
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