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Clinical study on screw loosening in dental implant prostheses: a 6-year retrospective study

대한구강악안면외과학회지 2020년 46권 2호 p.133 ~ 142
이기영, Shin Kyung-Su, 정지혜, 조혜원, Kwon Kyung-Hwan, 김유리,
소속 상세정보
이기영 ( Lee Ki-Young ) - Wonkwang University College of Dentistry Department of Prosthodontics
 ( Shin Kyung-Su ) - Wonkwang University College of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
정지혜 ( Jung Ji-Hye ) - Wonkwang University College of Dentistry Department of Prosthodontics
조혜원 ( Cho Hye-Won ) - Wonkwang University College of Dentistry Department of Prosthodontics
 ( Kwon Kyung-Hwan ) - Wonkwang University College of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
김유리 ( Kim Yu-Lee ) - Wonkwang University College of Dentistry Department of Prosthodontics

Abstract


Objectives: In this study, we determined the incidence and pattern of screw loosening in patients who received dental implants.

Materials and Methods: Patients who received implants between January 2008 and October 2013 and completed their prosthetic rehabilitation were evaluated for the incidence, frequency, and onset of screw loosening using dental charts and radiographs. The association between each factor and screw loosening was analyzed using the chi-square test and a multivariate analysis with binary logistic regression models (P<0.05).

Results: Total 1,928 implants were placed in 837 patients (448 males, 389 females), whose follow-up period after loading varied from 0.25 to 70 months (mean period, 31.5 months). Screw loosening occurred in 7.2% of implants. Most cases occurred less than six months after loading. Among those, 22.3% experienced recurrent screw loosening. Screw loosening was most common in the molar region (8.5%) and frequently associated with an implant diameter of ≥5 mm (14.2%). External implant?abutment connections (8.9%) and screw-retained implant prostheses (10.1%) showed higher incidence of problems than internal implant?abutment connections and cement-retained implants, respectively. Screw loosening was most common in implant prostheses with single crowns (14.0%).

Conclusion: Within the limits of the current study, we conclude that the incidence of screw loosening differs significantly according to the position of implant placement, the type of implant and manufacturer, implant diameter, the type of implant?abutment connection, the type of retention in the implant prosthesis, and the type of implant prosthesis.

키워드

Dental implants; Screw loosening; Regression analysis

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