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Effect of Action Observational Training on Gait in People with Stroke

대한물리치료학회지 2020년 32권 1호 p.1 ~ 6
이종수 ( Lee Jong-Su ) - Daegu University Graduate School Department of Rehabilitation Science

김영미 ( Kim Young-Mi ) - Andong Science College Department of Physical Therapy
이동규 ( Lee Dong-Kyu ) - Daegu University Graduate School Department of Rehabilitation Science

Abstract


Purpose: This study examined the effects of action observational training to improve the gait function for patients with stroke.

Methods: The participants were divided into two groups: right hemiplegia group (n=12) and left hemiplegia group (n=12). All groups received conventional therapy for five sessions for 30 minutes, each for three weeks. Left and right hemiplegia group practiced additional action observational training for five sessions for 20 minutes each for three weeks. They participated in three weeks of action observational training coupled with immediate physical practice (intervention), followed by a final assessment. The duration of each action observation video sequence was 10 minutes, followed immediately by practice of the observed motor skill (10 minutes). The gait velocity, cadence, swing time, step length, and BOS (base of support) were examined using the GAITRite system.

Results: The results of this study showed significant improvement in the gait function. The outcomes of the gait abilities from gait velocity, cadence, swing time, step length of the affected side, and BOS (base of support) were improved significantly in the right hemiplegia group (p<0.05). In the left hemiplegia group, there was no significant improvement in the gait velocity, cadence, and BOS except for the swing time and step length of the affected side. The left and right group comparisons between the groups were not significant (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Action observation training improves the gait function. These results suggest that action observational training is feasible and suitable for stroke patients.

키워드

Action observation; Gait; Stroke
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