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Effects of Knowledge of Result Versus Knowledge of Performance on Treadmill Training on gait ability in Stroke Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

대한물리치료학회지 2020년 32권 2호 p.107 ~ 113
박진 ( Park Jin ) - Drim Sol Hospital Department of Physical Therapy

Abstract


Purpose: This study compared the walking ability of chronic stroke patients following either treadmill training with knowledge of the result (KR group) or treadmill training with knowledge of the performance (KP group).

Methods: Nineteen patients with chronic stroke were recruited from a rehabilitation hospital. The patients were divided into two groups: a KR group (10 patients) and a KP group (9 patients). They received 30 minutes of neuro-developmental therapy and treadmill training 30 minutes, five times a week for three weeks. The gait parameters were measured before and after training using the Optogait system.

Results: After the training periods, the KR group showed significant improvement in gait speed, cadence, step length of the unaffected limb, stance time of the affected limb, and functional gait assessment compared to the KP group (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The results showed that treadmill training with KR was more effective in improving the gait speed and cadence, step length of the unaffected limb, stance time of the affected limb, and functional gait ability than the treadmill training with KP. Therefore, to improve the walking ability of stroke patients, it is necessary to consider treadmill training with KR. If it can be combined with conventional neurological physiotherapy, it would be an effective rehabilitation for stroke patients.

키워드

Feedback; Gait; Knowledge of performance; Knowledge of result; Stroke; Treadmill training.
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