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고혈압 침치료에 관한 최근 연구 동향 고찰 - Pubmed와 국내 논문 중심으로 -

A Review of Recent Acupuncture Treatment for Hypertension - PubMed and Domestic Studies

대한한방내과학회지 2020년 41권 1호 p.29 ~ 43
김승연 ( Kim Seung-Yeon ) - Pusan National University of Korean Medicine Department of Korean Medicine

원재호 ( Won Jae-Ho ) - Pusan National University of Korean Medicine Department of Korean Medicine
 ( Lee In ) - Pusan National University Korean Medicine Hospital Department of Internal Medicine of Korean Medicine

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to summarize current research trends and results regarding acupuncture treatment for hypertension.

Methods: Articles published from 2009 to 2019 were searched on domestic databases (OASIS, NDSL, RISS) and PubMed using the keywords ‘Hypertension’, ‘Hypertensive’, ‘Acupuncture’, ‘EA’ (electroacupuncture), ‘Autonomic nervous system’, ‘ANS’, ‘CVD’ (cardiovascular disease), ‘고혈압’, ‘침’, ‘전침’, and ‘자율신경계’. The studies were analyzed according to the year, type of study (domestic or foreign articles, nationality of the first author), acupuncture type for human and animal studies, BP (blood pressure) measurement, and acupuncture intervention.

Results: In total, 21 articles were selected. There were 8 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 3 non-randomized controlled trials (nRCTs), 2 before?after studies, 1 case series, and 7 animal studies. Manual acupuncture (11 articles) was most frequently used, and ST36 (足三里) was most frequently used in human studies. In 18 of 21 articles, acupuncture was reported as effective in lowering systolic blood pressure (SBP) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in hypertensive patients.

Conclusions: Acupuncture treatment for hypertension is deemed useful. Further studies are necessary for application of acupuncture therapy in clinical practice.

키워드

hypertension; acupuncture; EA; study
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