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마행감석탕의 소아 마이코플라즈마 폐렴 치료에 대한 체계적 문헌 고찰 및 메타분석

Mahaenggamsuktang for treating Mycoplasma pneumonia in Children: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs)

대한한방소아과학회지 2020년 34권 2호 p.86 ~ 104
이유빈 ( Lee Yoo-Been ) - Gachon University College of Korean Medicine Department of Pediatrics

정아람 ( Jeong A-Ram ) - Gachon University College of Korean Medicine Department of Pediatrics

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of Mahaenggamsuktang for treating mycoplasma pneumonia in children based on the randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Methods: Literatures were searched from OASIS, KISS, NDSL, CNKI, Cochrane, Embase and Pubmed, and the search was conducted on January 29, 2020. Only RCTs published since 2000 were included. Trials comparing Mahaenggamsuktang combined with antibiotics or antibiotics treatment alone for the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children were included.

Results: 17 trials, including 2,241 participants with mycoplasma pneumonia were included in this review. As a result of the meta-analysis, total effective rate of combination of Mahaggamsuktang and antibiotics was 1.24 times higher than that of the antibiotics alone, which was statistically significant. Symptoms with fever, lung sounds, cough, chest X-ray lesion findings, wheezing were also significantly reduced in the treatment group with Mahaenggamseoktang and antibiotics. Also, Serum CRP level was significantly lower with combination treatment. The incidence of adverse reactions was lower in the treatment group with Mahaenggamseoktang and antibiotics, but it was not statistically significant.

Conclusions: As a result of meta-analysis, combination treatment of Mahaenggamseoktang and antibiotics seems to have a significantly effective for the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children. In order to have a higher level of evidence for efficacy and safety of Mahaenggamsuktang in treating mycoplasma pneumonia, additional RCTs with good qualities are required.

키워드

Mycoplasma pneumonia; Mahaenggamsuktang; Systematic review; Antibiotics
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