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지역사회 거주 노인의 치매선별검사 수행 영향요인

Factors Affecting the Participation of the Dementia Screening in Community-dwelling Elderly

성인간호학회지 2020년 32권 2호 p.134 ~ 144
장성옥 ( Chang Sung-Ok ) - Korea University College of Nursing

이영휘 ( Lee Young-Whee ) - Inha University Department of Nursing
공은숙 ( Kong Eun-Suk ) - Jesus University Department of Nursing
김춘길 ( Kim Chun-Gill ) - Hallym University School of Nursing
김희경 ( Kim Hee-Kyung ) - Kongju National University Department of Nursing
조명옥 ( Cho Myung-Ok ) - Dongeui University Department of Nursing
 ( Chae Kyoung-Sook ) - Inha University Graduate School Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study investigated factors affecting participation in dementia screening, based on the health belief model.
Methods: Data from 191 participants that fully answered the distributed questionnaires were analyzed. Data on the following variables were collected: general characteristics with modifying variables, health beliefs, and cue to action for dementia screening. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, x2 test, Fisher’s exact test, independent t-test, and logistic regression using SPSS/WIN software version 23.0.

Results: Factors affecting participation in dementia screening were as follows: For age, those in their 70s were more likely to participate in screening tests for dementia than those in their 60s(Odds Ratio [OR]=0.36, p=.003). For level of education, people with less than elementary school education were more likely to participate in screening tests for dementia than those with more than university education(OR=6.13, p=.020). Presence of spouse(OR=3.65, p=.027), presence of family or friends who underwent dementia screening tests(OR=5.63, p=.002), being exposed to dementia screening advertising(OR=3.94, p=.009), and having showed a lower average score of perceived barrier for dementia screening (OR=0.13, p=.002) were factors that increased the likelihood of participation in dementia screening.

Conclusion: To increase participation in dementia screening, strategies should be developed taking into account the influencing factors found by this study. In particular, an advertising strategy that emphasizes the importance of participating in dementia screening will be needed.

키워드

치매; 선별검사; 노인
Dementia; Screening test; Aged
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