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노인의 사회적 지지, 가족 지지 및 노인시설 관련 거부감이 웰다잉 정도에 미치는 영향

Effects of Social Support, Family Support and Repulsion Related Nursing Home Use on the Well-Dying of Elderly

성인간호학회지 2020년 32권 3호 p.235 ~ 247
오영주, 차경인, 전영희,
소속 상세정보
오영주 ( Oh Young-Ju ) - Chonbuk National University College of Nursing
차경인 ( Cha Kyeong-In ) - Chungnam National University College of Nursing
전영희 ( Jeon Young-Hee ) - Wonkwang Health Science University Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to explore the level of well-dying in the elderly and identify the effects of social support, family support, and repulsion related nursing home on that.

Methods: The sample for this cross-sectional study consisted of 110 community-dwelling elderly and 103 nursing home residents. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from August to October 2019. SPSS/WIN 25.0 program was used to conduct statistical analyses, including descriptive statistics, an independent t-test, a one-way analysis of variance, and stepwise multiple linear regression.

Results: The mean score for well-dying was 2.63±0.28 (range 1~4). Well-dying had a statistically significant relationship with religion (t=5.56, p<.001), household income (F=14.04, p<.001) and perceived health status (F=44.59, p<.001). Furthermore, social support (r=.71, p<.001), family support (r=.42, p<.001), and repulsion related nursing home (r=-.56, p<.001) significantly correlated with well-dying. Stepwise multiple linear regression demonstrated that social support, repulsion related nursing home, and having a religion explained 62.0% of the variance in well-dying.

Conclusion: Social support was found to have the largest influence on well-dying, followed by repulsion related nursing home and religion. The results highlight the need to develop a detailed nursing intervention that considers these factors to promote well-dying in the elderly.

키워드

노인; 사회적 지지; 요양시설; 죽음
Aged; Social support; Nursing home; Death

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