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후기노인에서의 성별에 따른 자살생각 관련요인

Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation in Community-dwelling Older Adults: A Gender Comparison in Old-Old Adults

성인간호학회지 2020년 32권 3호 p.248 ~ 260
양정은 ( Yang Jeong-Eun ) - Baekseok Culture University Department of Nursing

문설화 ( Moon Seol-Hwa ) - Hanyang University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for suicidal ideation according to gender of old-old adults in South Korea.

Methods: Data were collected from the 2017 Living Profiles of Older People Survey, and participants were 4214 older adults (aged 75 years and above). Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 21.0 for Windows. Differences in suicidal ideation by gender were identified using the x2 test or independent t-test, with multi-variate logistic regression analyses conducted to determine the factors associated with suicidal ideation by gender.

Results: Among old-old adult participant, the prevalence of suicidal ideation in men and women were 5.4% and 6.7%, respectively. The significant predictive factors for suicidal ideation in men were the following: living alone, frequency of contact with children and friends etc., experience of discrimination, conflict with children, self-blame, anxiety, perceived health, number of chronic diseases, and diagnosed depression. The significant predictive factors for suicidal ideation in women were the following: frequency of contact with children, experience of discrimination, experience of abuse, conflict with children, anxiety, number of chronic diseases, perceived economic status, and diagnosed depression.

Conclusion: The study revealed differences in factors associated with suicidal ideation according to gender among old-old adults. These findings suggested that different approaches and strategies for suicidal prevention programs should therefore be considered according to gender in this population age group.

키워드

노인; 자살생각; 차별; 우울
Aged; Suicidal ideation; Discrimination; Depression
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