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Association between Perceived Parenting Style and Adolescents’ Attitudes toward Suicide

소아청소년정신의학 2020년 31권 4호 p.193 ~ 200
최서현, 이상은, 이채원, 맹세리, 손지성, 김원형, 배재남, 이정섭, 김혜영,
소속 상세정보
최서현 ( Choi Seo-Hyun ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
이상은 ( Lee Sang-Eun ) - Incheon Jung-gu Community Mental Health Center
이채원 ( Lee Chai-Won ) - Incheon Jung-gu Community Mental Health Center
맹세리 ( Maeng Se-Ri ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
손지성 ( Son Ji-Sung ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
김원형 ( Kim Won-Hyoung ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
배재남 ( Bae Jae-Nam ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
이정섭 ( Lee Jeong-Seop ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
김혜영 ( Kim Hye-Young ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry

Abstract


Objectives: Adolescent suicide, a major cause of adolescent death, is affected by various factors, including attitudes toward suicide. This study investigated the association between parenting style and adolescents’ attitudes toward suicide and the mediating role of attitude toward suicide between parenting style and suicidal ideation.

Methods: We surveyed 1,071 adolescents from eight middle schools in Incheon, Korea. The survey included sociodemographic information, attitudes toward suicide, perception of parenting style, depression severity, and suicidality.

Results: Students in the authoritarian parenting group had a more permissive attitude toward suicide compared with the democratic and permissive parenting groups. These students considered that suicide is justified in certain situations and that choosing suicide is an individual’s right. They also had a negative attitude toward talking about suicide or intervening in others’ suicide. This association remained statistically significant after adjusting for the impact of confounding factors that could affect attitudes toward suicide, except for suicidal processes and preparedness to prevent suicide. In the mediation analysis, we observed that some factors of the attitudes toward suicide mediated between authoritarian parenting attitudes and suicidal ideation, namely, suicide as a right, preventability, suicide as normal/common, preparedness to prevent suicide, and resignation.

Conclusion: This study revealed the significant impact of parenting style on children’s attitudes toward suicide. Educating parents about the appropriate parenting attitudes?sympathetic and rational?can help prevent youth suicide.

키워드

Suicidal ideation; Parenting; Adolescents; Attitude

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