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Geographical distribution of cytotypes and genomic structures in natural populations of theScilla scilloides complex in Korea

한국식물학회지 2004년 47권 4호 p.322 ~ 329
최해운 ( Choi Hae-Woon ) - Chungnam National University School of Bioscience and Biotechnology

 ( Lee Woo-Kyu ) - Chungnam National University School of Bioscience and Biotechnology
 ( Choi Eun-Young ) - Chungnam National University School of Bioscience and Biotechnology
 ( Park Jae-Hyun ) - Chungnam National University School of Bioscience and Biotechnology
방재욱 ( Bang Jae-Wook ) - Chungnam National University School of Bioscience and Biotechnology

Abstract


Cytotype distribution, B-chromosome frequency, and genomic constitution in the natural populations of theScilla scilloides complex in Korea were analyzed. Plants with various cytotypes were found: AA (2n = 16), BB (18), AAB (25), ABB (26), ABB (34), ABBB (35), BBBB (36), AABBB (43), AAABBB (51) and AAAABBBB (68). Allotetraploid AABB plants predominated with a frequency of 68.3%, and were found to distribute all over the Korean peninsula and Cheju-do. In diploids, the type AA plants distributed throughout the Korean midwest, while the type BB plants were limited to Cheju-do. Two other cytotypes, ABBB and AABBB, were found only in the southern part of the Korean peninsula including Cheju-do. Chromosomal variations, aneuploidy, and centromeric shifts were also found in the natural populations. The cytotypes AAB and AAAABBBB are reported here for the first time. B-chromosomes were found in 149 (85.6%) of 174 populations, the highest frequency being 81.8% in BB populations. The number of B-chromosomes per plant ranged from 1 to 31, and IB plants predominated (21.0%). Subtypes, with respect to the number and composition of B-chromosomes, indicated that sexual reproduction is still prevalent in AABB populations.

키워드

autosome; B-chromosome; cytotype; genome; Scilla scilloides; subtype
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