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Reciprocal regulation ofArabidopsis UGT78D2 and BANYULS is critical for regulation of the metabolic flux of anthocyanidins to condensed tannins in developing seed coats

한국식물학회지 2005년 48권 4호 p.356 ~ 370
Lee Yeon, Yoon Hye-Ryon, Paik Yong-Sook, Liu Jang-Ryul, Chung Won-Il, Choi Gil-Tsu,
소속 상세정보
 ( Lee Yeon ) - KAIST Department of Biological Sciences
 ( Yoon Hye-Ryon ) - Kyung Hee University Department of Chemistry
 ( Paik Yong-Sook ) - Kyung Hee University Department of Chemistry
 ( Liu Jang-Ryul ) - Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology
 ( Chung Won-Il ) - KAIST Department of Biological Sciences
 ( Choi Gil-Tsu ) - KAIST Department of Biological Sciences

Abstract


Anthocyanins are major color pigments in plants. Their biosynthetic pathways are well established, and the majority of these biosynthetic enzymes have been identified in model plants such asArabidopsis, maize, and petunia. One exception inArabidopsis is UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UF3GT). This enzyme is known as Bronze-1 (Bz1 ) in maize, where it converts anthocyanidins to anthocyanins. Phylogenetic sequence analysis of theArabidopsis thaliana UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT) family previously indicated that UGT78D1, UGT78D2, and UGT78D3 cluster together with UF3GTs from other species. Here, we report thatUGT78D2 encodes a cytosolic UGT that is functionally consistent with maize Bz-1. Biochemically, UGT78D2 catalyzes the glucosylation of both flavonols and anthocyanidins at the 3-OH position. A T-DNA-insertedugt78d2 mutant accumulates very little anthocyanin and lacks 3-O-glucosylated quercetin. Expression analysis indicated thatUGT78D2, in opposite toBANYULS, is highly expressed in anthocyanin-accumulating seedlings but repressed in condensed tannin-accumulating seed coats. This suggests that the reciprocal regulation of these two genes is important in directing the metabolic flux to either anthocyanins or condensed tannins. Consistent with this, the ectopic expression of UGT78D2 produces purple-colored seed coats due to the accumulation of anthocyanins. Taken together, our data indicate thatUGT78D2 encodes an enzyme equivalent to maize Bz1, and that the reciprocal regulation of UGT78D2 and BANYULS is critical for the regulation of metabolic flux of anthocyanidins inArabidopsis.

키워드

anthocyanin; Arabidopsis flavonoid; metabolic flux; UF3GT; UCT78D2

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