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Identification of differentially expressed miRNAs after Lactobacillus reuteri treatment in the ileum mucosa of piglets

Genes & Genomics 2020년 42권 11호 p.1327 ~ 1338
Wang Qi, Sun Qian, Wang Jing, Qiu Xiaoyu, Qi Renli, Huang Jinxiu,
소속 상세정보
 ( Wang Qi ) - Chongqing Academy of Animal Sciences
 ( Sun Qian ) - Chongqing Academy of Animal Sciences
 ( Wang Jing ) - Chongqing Academy of Animal Sciences
 ( Qiu Xiaoyu ) - Chongqing Academy of Animal Sciences
 ( Qi Renli ) - Chongqing Academy of Animal Sciences
 ( Huang Jinxiu ) - Chongqing Academy of Animal Sciences

Abstract


Background: Lactobacillus reuteri I5007 possesses many excellent probiotic characteristics in piglets. miRNA plays important role in host-microbiota interactions, but the mechanism by which L. reuteri I5007 regulates intestinal function through its influence on miRNA expression is unknown.

Objective: This study analyzed the miRNA expression patterns in the ileum mucosa tissue of piglets by L. reuteri I5007 treatment, aim to clarify its molecular mechanism for regulating intestinal function through miRNA.

Methods: Neonatal piglets were orally administered L. reuteri I5007 or a placebo daily starting on day 1, and differential expression of ileal miRNAs was analyzed at 10 and 20 days of age by small RNA sequencing.

Results: 361 known porcine miRNAs were identified, and ten miRNAs were highly expressed in the ileum mucosa in both treatments. Nineteen differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs were identified in response to L. reuteri treatment, and four DE miRNAs (ssc-miR-196a, -196b-5p, -1285 and -10386) were differentially expressed at both time points. The KEGG pathway analyses showed the targets of 19 DE miRNAs were involved in 63 significantly enriched pathways, including the PI3K-Akt and MAPK pathways, which were confirmed to play important roles in probiotic-host communication. L. reuteri I5007 exerted anti-inflammatory effects by influencing the levels of inflammatory cytokines. Suppressor of cytokine signalling 4 gene was the target gene of ssc-miR-196a/-196b-5p, overexpression of ssc-miR-196a/-196b-5p downregulated the mRNA expression of IL-1β and TNFα in IPEC-J2 cells.

Conclusion: Our study provides new insight into the role of miRNAs in the intestinal function of piglets after L. reuteri I5007 treatment.

키워드

Lactobacillus reuteri; miRNA; Differentially expressed; Ileum mucosa; Piglet

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