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체제통합국 건강지표 비교를 통한 통일 후 보건의료에 대한 시사점

The Implications on Healthcare System of the Unified Korea: Lesson from System Integration Countries

보건행정학회지 2020년 30권 3호 p.301 ~ 310
주영준, 허성은, 이주은,
소속 상세정보
주영준 ( Ju Yeong-Jun ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
허성은 ( Huh Sung-Eun ) - Yonsei University Institute of Health Services Research
이주은 ( Lee Joo-Eun ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

Abstract


Background: In this study, we aimed to investigate the recent trends for health care indicators including maternal mortality ratio, infant mortality rate, under-five mortality rate, life expectancy, years of life lost, and healthcare resources in South Korea, North Korea, Germany, Russian Federation, Mongolia, Vietnam, China, Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary.

Methods: We used data from five sources: World Health Organization, Federal Institute for Population Research, World Bank, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development health statistics, and national statistics.

Results: In the early 1990s, health indicators continued to improve in countries that switched to the health insurance system, but the gap widened in North Korea as health indicators worsened.

Conclusion: The establishment of a sustainable health care system after unification of the Korean peninsula requires substantial changes in the health care system and efforts to improve the health of North Koreans.

키워드

Unified Korea; Integrated countries; Health care quality indicators

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