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유방암 여성 환자의 수술경험

Operation Experiences of Women with Breast Cancer

기본간호학회지 2020년 27권 2호 p.129 ~ 140
김현영 ( Kim Hyeon-Young ) - Sahmyook University College of Nursing

신선화 ( Shin Sun-Hwa ) - Sahmyook University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: In order to implement effective nursing interventions in operative procedures, it is necessary to understand the patients' care requirements. The aim of this study was to investigate the operating room experiences of patients with breast cancer.

Methods: The study was conducted from November 15, to December 28, 2018. Participants were recruited through an objective sampling method and included eight women who had undergone breast cancer surgery within the last 10 years. Interviews were conducted with the participants until no new data were obtained. Qualitative data were analyzed using the 6-stage phenomenological analysis method of Colaizzi.

Results: Three categories were identified across 18 themes and 8 theme clusters. For the category “before entering the operating room”, participants experienced crossing the threshold of death, mixed feelings of regret and resentment, and discomfort due to the gaze of unfamiliar people. With regard to “when entering the operating room”, participants experienced uneasiness owing to the cold environment and the medical procedures. However, they felt comforted with the attentiveness of the medical staff. Finally, regarding the category “after leaving the operating room”, participants experienced a sense of relief that the cancer cells were removed but expressed distress concerning the obstacles in follow-up care.

Conclusion: The results indicate the necessity of understanding the experiences of breast cancer patients undergoing surgery and developing effective nursing interventions for these patients.

키워드

수술실; 유방암; 질적연구
Operative procedure; Operating rooms; Breast cancer; Qualitative research
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