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이압요법이 혈액투석 환자의 수면과 소양증에 미치는 효과

Effect of Auricular Acupressure on Sleep and Pruritus in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

기본간호학회지 2020년 27권 2호 p.141 ~ 152
방윤이, 박효정,
소속 상세정보
방윤이 ( Bang Yun-Yi ) - Kyungbok University Department of Nursing
박효정 ( Park Hyo-Jung ) - Ewha Womans University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of auricular acupressure on sleep quality and pruritus in patients undergoing hemodialysis and to propose an effective and evidence-based nursing intervention.

Methods: This was a single-blind, nonequivalent, group comparison study with 42 participants. The experimental period was a total of 8 weeks, and five different acupressure sites were applied in each group. Dependent variables were measured before the intervention, at the 4th week of the intervention, and at the 8th week of the intervention.

Results: There were significant differences in the Pittsburgh sleep quality index, total sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep onset latency, light sleep, deep sleep, number of awakenings, serum melatonin levels, subjective pruritus and skin hydration. No significant difference was found in skin pH between the two groups.

Conclusion: Auricular acupressure was found to be an effective nursing intervention to improve sleep quality and to reduce pruritus in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

키워드

보완대체요법; 소양증; 수면; 이압요법; 혈액투석
Acupressure; Complementary therapies; Hemodialysis; Pruritus; Sleep

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