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종양간호사의 성격 강점과 행복감에 관한 연구

A Study on Character Strength and Subjective Happines s of Oncology Nurses

스트레스연구 2020년 28권 1호 p.33 ~ 39
김소리 ( Kim So-Li ) - Korea National Open University Graduate School Department of Nursing

박영숙 ( Park Young-Suk ) - Korea National Open University Department of Nursing

Abstract

종양간호사는 암환자들의 가까이에서 직접적인 간호를 제공하면서 신체적, 심리적 어려움을 경험할 수있다. 본 연구는 500병상의 암 전문병원에 근무하는 종양간호사 182명을 대상으로 성격 강점의 특성과행복감에 미치는 영향요인을 파악하였다. 종양간호사의 총 성격 강점 문항 평균은 5점 척도의 3.38 (±0.29)로 일반간호사 보다 낮았으며, 영역별 성격강점에서 인간애가 가장 높았다. 행복감은 7점 척도의4.95 (±0.90)이었고 대표 강점 그룹 간 행복감은 유의한 차이가 없었다. 종양간호사의 행복감에 영향을미치는 요인은 근무 만족도와 성격 강점이었으며, 이들 변인의 설명력은 34.0%이었다. 근무 만족도와 성격 강점 요인을 강화하는 종양간호사의 행복감증진프로그램 개발을 제언한다.

Background: The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics of character strengths and effect factors of subjective happiness of oncology nurses. This research was conducted on the theoretical background of positive psychology.

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study that data were collected from 182 oncology nurses working in a cancer hospital with 500 beds from January to March, 2017. The research instruments were self-reported questionnaires of VIA-IS and Subjective Happiness Scale. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analysis.

Results: The average of items about total score of character strengths was 3.38 (±0.29) on the 5-point Likert scale and about subjective happiness was 4.95 (±0.90) on the 7-point Likert scale. Signature strengths of the subjects were classified by six sub-areas of character strengths, frequency of humanity was highest and followed by courage. The level of subjective happiness has significant positive correlations with character strengths. The factors that affect subjective happiness of oncology nurses were job-satisfaction and total score of character strengths. The explanatory power of these factors on the subjective happiness was 34.0%.

Conclusions: We recommend to develop a happiness enhancing program focused on job-satisfaction and character strengths for oncology nurses and to verify their effectiveness.

키워드

종양간호사; 성격 강점; 행복감; 근무 만족도
Oncology nurses; Character strengths; Happiness; Job-satisfaction
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