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Recent Insights into Aeromonas salmonicida and Its Bacteriophages in Aquaculture: A Comprehensive Review

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2020년 30권 10호 p.1443 ~ 1457
박선영, 한지은, 권혜민, 박세창, 김지형,
소속 상세정보
박선영 ( Park Seon-Young ) - Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology Infectious Disease Research Center
한지은 ( Han Jee-Eun ) - Kyungpook National University College of Veterinary Medicine
권혜민 ( Kwon Hye-Min ) - Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology Infectious Disease Research Center
박세창 ( Park Se-Chang ) - Seoul National University College of Veterinary Medicine
김지형 ( Kim Ji-Hyung ) - Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology Infectious Disease Research Center

Abstract


The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance in pathogenic bacteria of fish and shellfish have caused serious concerns in the aquaculture industry, owing to the potential health risks to humans and animals. Among these bacteria, Aeromonas salmonicida, which is one of the most important primary pathogens in salmonids, is responsible for significant economic losses in the global aquaculture industry, especially in salmonid farming because of its severe infectivity and acquisition of antimicrobial resistance. Therefore, interest in the use of alternative approaches to prevent and control A. salmonicida infections has increased in recent years, and several applications of bacteriophages (phages) have provided promising results. For several decades, A. salmonicida and phages infecting this fish pathogen have been thoroughly investigated in various research areas including aquaculture. The general overview of phage usage to control bacterial diseases in aquaculture, including the general advantages of this strategy, has been clearly described in previous reviews. Therefore, this review specifically focuses on providing insights into the phages infecting A. salmonicida, from basic research to biotechnological application in aquaculture, as well as recent advances in the study of A. salmonicida.

키워드

Aeromonas salmonicida; antimicrobial resistance; salmonid culture; bacteriophage

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