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Animal-Assisted Interventions for Improving Psychosocial Well-being and Quality of Life in Pediatric Oncology: A Systematic Review

대한작업치료학회지 2020년 28권 3호 p.117 ~ 133
Sitabkhan Amy, Verbeck Kaela, Ruz Pamela, Pierce Kayleigh, Ngo Amy, Hilton Claudia L., Collins Diane M.,
소속 상세정보
 ( Sitabkhan Amy ) - University of Texas Medical Branch Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Verbeck Kaela ) - University of Texas Medical Branch Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Ruz Pamela ) - University of Texas Medical Branch Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Pierce Kayleigh ) - University of Texas Medical Branch Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Ngo Amy ) - University of Texas Medical Branch Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Hilton Claudia L. ) - University of Texas Medical Branch Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Collins Diane M. ) - University of Texas Medical Branch Department of Occupational Therapy

Abstract


Objectives: This systematic review examined the association of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) with qualityof life (QoL) for pediatric oncology patients, for potential use in occupational therapy practice.

Methods: Articles published in peer-reviewed journals between 2002-2019 from PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL,American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT), Journal of Oncology, SCOPUS, and OTSeeker were selectedfor AAI with therapy dogs specific to the target population of pediatric oncology patients undergoing treatmentin clinical settings.

Results: Moderate evidence was found for AAI and mood improvement, pain reduction, and stress relief; andlow-level evidence supported AAI for decreasing anxiety. The most significant AAI improvements were seen inperceptions of pain, stress levels, and mood.

Discussion: Evidence suggests that occupational therapists may want to consider incorporating AAI into therapysessions as it serves as a distraction and short-term coping strategy for children undergoing oncologicaltreatment.

키워드

Affect; Animal assisted interventions; Animal assisted therapy(ies); Anxiety; Mood; Occupational therapy; Pain; Pediatric oncology; Quality of life; Stress

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