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일 직장인의 일주기 유형이 번아웃에 미치는 영향: 우울과 스트레스 반응의 매개 효과 연구

The Effect of Chronotype on Burnout among Shift and Non-Shift Workers: Mediation Effect of Depression and Stress Response Study

생물정신의학 2020년 27권 2호 p.84 ~ 93
강상구, 최서현, 이채원, 이상은, 맹세리, 손지성, 김혜영, 배재남, 이정섭, 김원형,
소속 상세정보
강상구 ( Kang Sang-Gu ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
최서현 ( Choi Seo-Hyeon ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
이채원 ( Lee Chai-Won ) - Inha University Graduate School Department of Nursing
이상은 ( Lee Sang-Eun ) - Inha University Graduate School Department of Nursing
맹세리 ( Maeng Se-Ri ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
손지성 ( Son Ji-Sung ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
김혜영 ( Kim Hye-Young ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
배재남 ( Bae Jae-Nam ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
이정섭 ( Lee Jeong-Seop ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry
김원형 ( Kim Won-Hyoung ) - Inha University Hospital Department of Psychiatry

Abstract


Objectives : The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between the chronotype and the burnout, so we investigated the mediating effects of the mediators such as perceived stress, stress response, and depression.

Methods : Employees working at Incheon Customs conducted a mental health self-examination through the internet. Among them, 174 people who agreed to the mental health survey participated in the study. Participants completed questionnaires including Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Stress Response Inventory (SRI), Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS).

Results : Our results showed a higher degree of CES-D, SRI, exhaustion, and cynicism in evening and intermediate type compared to morning type, and a higher degree of professional efficacy in morning type compared to intermediate type. CSM was shown to have a direct effect on exhaustion and indirect effect through CES-D and SRI. CSM also had a direct effect on professional efficacy and had an indirect effect through the CES-D. However, CSM was found to have only indirect effects through the SRI for Cynicism.

Conclusions : In this study, individuals with evening type tend to experience a high degree of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism and professional efficacy) through the mediation effect of depression and stress response. Further study is necessary to reveal the effect of management of the depression and stress response in the employee with evening type.

키워드

Burnout; Chronotype; Depression; Stress response; Mediation effect study

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