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간호대학생 대상의 고충실도 시뮬레이터를 이용한 분만 간호 교육프로그램의 개발 및 효과

Development and effects of a labor nursing education program using a high-fidelity simulator for nursing students in Korea

여성건강간호학회지 2020년 26권 3호 p.240 ~ 249
박서아, 김혜영,
소속 상세정보
박서아 ( Park Seo-A ) - Keimyung University Graduate School Department of Nursing
김혜영 ( Kim Hye-Young ) - Keimyung University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of an education program using a high-fidelity simulator of labor and delivery on nursing knowledge, critical thinking, and clinical performance among nursing students who had not yet experienced clinical practicum.

Methods: The development of a 5-week maternity nursing education programs using high-fidelity simulators included modules containing case-oriented scenarios, knowledge, and skills required for maternity care. A randomized controlled study was conducted to verify the effects of the developed program. Data were collected from October 21 to December 9, 2019. The experimental group (n=36) participated in a 5-week high-fidelity simulation program on care for the woman in labor, whereas the control group (n=36) received standard education as lecture and practice with delivery model. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation), the Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, and t-test.

Results: For participants who received education using the high-fidelity simulation program, nursing knowledge (t=2.33, p=.011), critical thinking (t=3.73, p<.001), and clinical performance (t=2.53, p=.006) were significantly higher than in the control group.

Conclusion: Even for students with no clinical experience, high-fidelity simulation-based nursing education was effective in improving nursing knowledge, critical thinking, and clinical performance among nursing students. Nurse educators will be able to use this high-fidelity simulator effectively, especially in situations where direct clinical practicum may not be feasible.

키워드

교육; 모성간호; 대학생; 시뮬레이션 교육
Education; Maternal-child nursing; Students; Simulation training

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