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대학생의 비자살적 자해 경험과 자살생각의 관계에서 좌절된 대인관계 욕구의 매개효과

The Mediation Effect of Frustrated Interpersonal Needs on the Relationship between Non-suicidal Self-harm and Suicidal Ideation among College Students

정신간호학회지 2020년 29권 3호 p.273 ~ 283
신미선, 최현경,
소속 상세정보
신미선 ( Shin Mi-Sun ) - Kyungpook National University Graduate School of Forensic and Investigative Science
최현경 ( Choi Hyun-Kyung ) - Kyungpook National University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study explored the relationship between non-suicidal self-harm and suicidal ideation and examined the mediating role of frustrated interpersonal needs on the relationship between non-suicidal self-harm and suicidal ideation based on the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide.

Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted with 333 college students in Korea. Subjects completed a packet of self-report questionnaires through an on-line survey. The analyses were conducted with IBM SPSS Statistics 25 using descriptive statistics, independent T-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson’s correlation coefficients. Bootstrapping was adopted for significance tests regarding the mediation effect.

Results: Among the subjects, 156 students (46.8%) had non-suicide self-harm experiences. The levels of suicidal ideation were significantly different by gender. Students with experiences of non-suicidal self-harm reported significantly higher levels of frustrated interpersonal needs and suicidal ideation than those without such experiences. The relationship between non-suicidal self-harm and intensity of suicidal ideation was partially mediated by thwarted belongingness, but not perceived burdensomeness.

Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest the inclusion of effective strategies that can have a positive effect on ameliorating thwarted belongingness in developing suicide prevention programs for college students with experiences of non-suicidal self-harm.

키워드

비자살적 자해; 자살생각; 대학생
Self-injurious behavior; Students; Suicidal ideation

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