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척수손상의 평가 및 예후

Evaluation and prognosis of spinal cord injury

대한의사협회지 2020년 63권 10호 p.596 ~ 602
유지현,
소속 상세정보
유지현 ( Yoo Jee-Hyun ) - Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital Department of Rehabilitation

Abstract


It is important to perform an accurate neurological assessment using the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) to judge the prognosis of spinal cord injury patients. We can gauge the prognosis for upper extremity function or gait ability according to the ISNCSCI results. ISNCSCI involves both sensory and motor examination, and it is performed with the patient in the supine position to enable a comparison between the initial and follow-up exams. The sensory exam is performed on the 28 key sensory points of dermatomes for light touch and pinprick. The motor exam is performed on 10 key muscles on each side. The sensory and motor levels for the right and left sides are determined according to the sensory and motor exam results. The neurological level of injury is the most caudal level of the cord at which both the motor and sensory functions are intact. Finally, the American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) is determined. AIS A indicates complete injury, and AIS B, C, and D indicate incomplete injuries. Once the sensory and motor levels, neurological level of injury, and AIS scale of a spinal cord injury patient are determined through ISNCSCI, the patient's prognosis can be predicted based on those results. Furthermore, ISNCSCI performed at 72 hours after an injury yields the most significant prognostic factors.

키워드

Spinal cord injuries; Neurological examination; Prognosis; Classification

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