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우리나라 청소년의 학업성적과 우울감, 자살행동과의 연관성

Association between academic performance and depression, suicidal behavior among Korean adolescents

보건교육건강증진학회지 2020년 37권 3호 p.57 ~ 69
김지은, 김선정,
소속 상세정보
김지은 ( Kim Ji-Eun ) - Soonchunhyang University Graduate School Department of Health Administration and Management
김선정 ( Kim Sun-Jung ) - SoonChunHyang University College of Medical Sciences Department of Healthcare Administration and Management

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of depression, suicidal ideation, suicidal planning, and suicidal attempts with academic performance among adolescents using data from the 15th Korean Youth Health Risk Behavior Survey.

Methods: A total of 57,069 students were analyzed. We analyzed the relationship between academic performance and depression, suicidal behavior using multivariate survey logistic regression analysis.

Results: Results showed that depression, suicidal behavior were associated with academic performance, socio-demographic factors, and health behavior factors. Multivariate survey logistic regressions revealed that depression, suicidal behavior increased when the academic performance is low(subjective depression: odds ratio (OR) 1.22; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13 to 1.33; suicidal ideation: OR 1.12; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.25; suicidal planning: OR 1.20; 95% CI 1.02 to 1.41; suicidal attempts: OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.06 to 1.54).

Conclusion: A statistically significant relationship was found in Korean adolescents between academic performance and depression, as well as academic performance and suicidal behavior. Therefore, we recommend that government agencies and policy makers pursue the development of youth mental health intervention programs, implementing them continuously and effectively among each targeted sub-group and according to the specific characteristics of each group.

키워드

academic performance; depression; suicidal ideation; suicidal planning; suicidal attempt

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