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한국 청소년의 심혈관질환 위험 생리적지표 및 생활습관 인자 추이: 국민건강영양조사자료(2007-2015) 이용

Trends of physiological and lifestyle risk factors of cardiovascular disease in Korea adolescents: Using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (2007?2015)

보건교육건강증진학회지 2020년 37권 3호 p.85 ~ 100
이여진, 황선영,
소속 상세정보
이여진 ( Lee Yeo-Jin ) - Hanyang University Graduate School of Nursing
황선영 ( Hwang Seon-Young ) - Hanyang University School of Nursing

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the prevalence and trends of physiological and lifestyle factors of cardiovascular disease risk in Korean adolescents.

Methods: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2015) whose subjects were 5,067 adolescents aged 12-18 were analyzed.
Differences were identified according to gender, age, and risk group through Chi-square tests. Logistic regression analysis was performed to understand the trend of risk factors during the 4th (2007-2009), 5th (2010-2012), and 6th phases (2013-2015).

Results: Results show that among the physiological factors, hyperglycemia increased from 5.0% to 9.1% (p<.001), while low HDL-cholesterol significantly decreased (p<.001). Among the lifestyle factors, physical inactivity was the highest at 67.8%, in girls and 42.6% for boys. In particular, for boys, the risk group with both physiological risk and unhealthy lifestyle factors showed a significant transition from 11.5% to 16.0% (p=.009).

Conclusion: To reduce the transition of adolescent cardiovascular disease risk factors into adulthood, it is necessary to select and continuously monitor the risk groups, and develop and implement school-based interventions to improve hyperglycemia and physical activity in adolescents in the future.

키워드

adolescence; cardiovascular disease; risk factors; lifestyle; trends

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